Many youth in America are not on track for labor market success. One factor that increases the risk of poor labor market outcomes among these youth is dropping out of school (Rumberger 2020). Youth who drop out of school are at greater risk for job instability and for lower long-term earnings (Hair et al. 2009). They are also more likely to struggle with mental health and substance abuse issues (Maynard et al. 2015).
In 2015, DOL issued a total of $12 million in JC grants to existing YC programs in Georgia, Michigan, and South Carolina. YC is authorized by the National Guard and is funded through a cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Defense and each state’s National Guard. The JC grants included 3 months of planning and 36 months of service delivery during which grantees were expected to serve six cohorts of youth in the JC program. DOL